Neurology is the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system, which include the brain, blood vessels, muscles and nerves. Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and disease involving the central and peripheral nervous systems (and their sub-divisions, the autonomic and somatic nervous systems), including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle. The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities.
The human brain is a complex organ which depends on continuous blood supply. A disruption in blood-flow can cut vital oxygen and glucose to the brain and lead to brain death within a couple of minutes.
Stroke (also known as brain stroke or cerebrovascular accident) is a medical condition where the blood supply to a portion of the brain decreases or gets severely interrupted. It is a medical emergency wherein the cells of the brain start dying within minutes of being deprived of nutrients and oxygen due to the restriction of blood supply. The inability of brain cells (neurons) to regenerate results in permanent damage and irreversible consequences.
What are the symptoms of brain stroke?
Compared to men, women are more prone to get a brain stroke. Some of the common symptoms in men and women include:
- – Blurred, blackened or double vision in one or both eyes
- – Difficulty in speaking, slurring of speech and confusion
- – Difficulty in walking and balancing
- – Sudden severe headache with vomiting or unconsciousness
- – Sudden, one-sided paralysis or numbness of an arm or leg and face, drooping of lips to one side on smiling
- – Sudden headache
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia. It is a progressive disease beginning with mild memory loss and possibly leading to loss of the ability to carry on a conversation and respond to the environment. Alzheimer’s disease involves parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language. It can seriously affect a person’s ability to carry out daily activities.
What are the warning signs of Alzheimer’s disease?
“Memory Loss is Not a Normal Part of Aging”
Alzheimer’s disease is not a normal part of aging. Memory problems are typically one of the first warning signs of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias.
In addition to memory problems, someone with symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease may experience one or more of the following:
- – Memory loss that disrupts daily life, such as getting lost in a familiar place or repeating questions.
- – Trouble handling money and paying bills.
- Difficulty completing familiar tasks at home, at work or at leisure.
- – Decreased or poor judgment.
- – Misplacing things and being unable to retrace steps to find them.
- – Changes in mood, personality, or behavior.
A neurological disorder that causes seizures or unusual sensations and behaviors. Treatment can control episodes. Some children will outgrow the condition as they age.
Urgent medical attention is usually recommended in severe cases by healthcare providers. Epilepsy is Common (More than 10 lakh cases per year in India). Treatments can help manage the condition, but there is no known cure. Often requires lab tests or imaging. Can last several years or be lifelong. Family history may increase the likelihood.