Multiple sclerosis -A brief introduction

Multiple sclerosis can be defined as an autoimmune disease which affects the nervous system. Normally, the immune system produces antibodies which we all know protects the body against viruses,bacteria, and foreign substances entering the body. The people suffering from MS, have an immune system which destroys the substance  surrounding and protecting the nerve cells- Myelin sheath. The nervous system sends electrical messages from the brain to different parts of the body and vice versa. Normally, this sending and receiving of signals is done through the spinal cord which branches out to different parts of the body. So, it’s inevitable that if the myelin around the nerve gets damaged then the nerves will not function properly. This way the signals will not be delivered properly and this will hamper the function of the body. The result will be the body will show several symptoms.

Causes and risk factors

Who all are affected ? Well, studies show that its women who are more affected by MS than men. White (Caucasian) people suffer from this disorder more than other races. Also, its genetic. In other words if your parent or sibling has MS, you are more likely develop it. It also affects people belonging between the ages of 20 and 40. If one has other autoimmune diseases, such as thyroid disease or type 1 diabetes, then the risk of having MS is higher. The geographical location, studies show, can put you at risk of developing this disease. People who spend their early years of life in temperate climate seem to develop this disease more than others.

What causes MS ? No one knows for sure. Its most possibly the result of number of factors such as environmental, genetic and viral. Viruses, for instance, seem to trigger it. A childhood virus can lead to MS in later parts of life.

Symptoms

MS symptoms differs from person to person. Here are some common indicators:-

  • Vision problems such as double vision, blurriness, eye pain, partial color blindness, complete loss of vision in one eye.
  • Memory and thinking problem
  • Fatigue
  • Loss in balance
  • Difficulty in coordination
  • Loss of bladder or bowel problem
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Electric shock sensation while moving head in particular direction or way.